Cyclothymic disorder

Introduction Cyclothymia is a tendency toward alternating periods of elation and depression which, in serious cases, is manifested as manic-depressive psychoses. It is a constitutional source trait that which is identified by factor analysis of correlation clusters and manifested as abnormal swings in mood. “ A 29-year-old car salesman was referred for treatment. For the […]


Introduction Paranoia is a psychotic disorder characterized by highly systematized delusions of persecution or grandeur with little deterioration. In either case, they are persistent, defended strongly by the patient, and incapacitating. Image: Kraepelin reserved it for cases showing delusions and impaired contact with reality but without the severe personality disorganization characteristic of schizophrenia. There […]

Fixation by a wizard(Introduction)

In case of my client RP it was a fixation that had occurred when he was an infant. Here is an interesting story behind the episode based on a custom. A distant relative of RP was a wizard. The wizard came to see RP when he was born. RP was the second son of his […]

Motivation and behavior

Introduction Motivation is an intervening variable used to account for factors within the organism that arouse, maintain, and channel behavior toward a goal. It incites to action or serves as an incentive or goal.According to Coleman,” Motivation accounts for not only the direction but also the activation of behavior-the energy mobilized in pursuit of our […]

General law of cause and effect

Introduction Principle is general law of cause and effect. Is it possible to explain principle ? Yes, it is possible if it is about an individual, planet, sun or stars etc. Here, psychology is concerned with the principle of an individual organism not with the anatomical structure but with the general law of cause and […]

Heredity and environment

INTRODUCTION. Heredity is the totality of characteristics transmitted from the parents to the offspring. The transmission of genetic characteristics is a function of the CHROMOSOMES and GENES (q.q.v.). The exact mechanism of hereditary transmission was not known until the discovery of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) and ribonucleic acid (RNA). It is now believed that the molecules […]

Behavior as a determinant of all phenomena

Introduction. A person who is expert in yoga (exercise and postures) remains free from disease, disorder, and imbalances. Harvard health also put forward the same notion. Virtue is its own reward (prov.) Simplicity in living or simplification of life patterns paves the way for good health in mind, body, and spirit. The description that reveals […]