Introduction Motivation is an intervening variable used to account for factors within the organism that arouse, maintain, and channel behavior toward a goal. It incites to action or serves as an incentive or goal.According to Coleman,” Motivation accounts for not only the direction but also the activation of behavior-the energy mobilized in pursuit of our […]
Self as a determinant is an attempt to explain what is self ? It is defined as “me”, “I”,or “self”. Problems that arise during personality development in different stages and ages are interpreted. Self is an active agent in determining one`s own behavior.
Excitatory tendency is the capacity of a stimulus to elicit a response. Who knows it is a part of human nature. The person who knows how to give a stimulus to elicit a favourable response and the very response which is elicited becomes a habit in three-four attempts cannot be labelled as smart or clever […]
A number of behaviour-modification techniques have been developed based on the systematic application of learning principles.
As a matter of fact, in most instances, the focus of attention remains on observable behavior and it is regarded that the inner thoughts are not, indeed, part of the causal factors, therefore, the emphasis is laid on the relationship between observable behaviors and observable reinforcing conditions by us. If the importance of thoughts, perceptions, […]
A systematic plan of what is to be done for the application of positive reinforcement is achieving remarkable success, particularly, in the institutional settings. Response shaping, token economies, and behavioral contracting are among the most popular techniques. 1.Response shaping. Positive reinforcement is, often, given in response shaping, that means in setting up a response which […]
Systematic desensitization is a technique developed by Joseph Wolpe, in which, the individual imagines a hierarchy of anxiety-producing situations under conditions of physical relaxation with the goal of weakening or eliminating the anxiety responses. Desensitization, the lessened reactivity, is a decreased emotional sensitivity with respect to a personal defect or social problem after counseling. It […]