How to adjust in one’s life is a tedious job if one has to adjust oneself to new conditions, change one’s ways of living, thinking, etc. A well-adjusted person who is in harmonious relations with others sets right the relations, puts in order the new conditions, or regulates schedule. Besides, one is to make suitable or convenient the ways of living, thinking etc. If otherwise, there are many adjustment disorders that take the command of an individual.
As the body adjusts itself to changes in temperature, in the same way, the mind cannot adjust to changes in one’s affairs. Adjustive behavior, behavior by which the individual attempts to deal with stress and meet his or her needs, including efforts to maintain harmonious relationships with the environment, takes into account broadmindedness if one is to attend ceremony of another religion for three days a week in eight week course for counsellors and contentment by giving up some sort of requirements for oneself if these cannot be afforded or there is no facility available for a limited period of time. According to psychologists, adjustment means establishment of a harmonious relationship with the physical and social environment. It is harmonious, why because it is pleasingly or satisfactorily arranged and the individual is in agreement or free from ill feeling until and unless one is capable to get sweet-sounding or tuneful environment. The terms adjustment, accommodation, and conformity are sometimes used interchangeably. However, adjustment implies a more active role on the part of the individual. Accommodation and conformity are more passive and imply a “giving in” in order to achieve harmony.
Excessive stress gives way to evolve a challenge to an individual`s organism`s adaptive resources. As a result of that task-oriented and defense-oriented reactions occur. In task-oriented mode, a person who feels competent to handle a stressful situation tends to act reasonably. The individual appraises the situation, works out alternative solutions, then decides on an appropriate course of action. By taking action and evaluating feedback, the steps whether the reaction turns out to be effective or ineffective enable one to change course. Attack, withdrawal or compromise is the action involved. Defense-oriented reactions to stress give rise to the ways to protect the self from hurt and disorganization. Two types of defense-oriented reactions, such as, crying, repetitive talking, and mourning function as psychological damage-repair mechanisms and the second type is ego- or self-defense mechanisms, in that, denial of reality, repression, emotional insulation, intellectualization (isolation) and so on. In second type, the individual functions to relieve tension and anxiety and to protect oneself from hurt and devaluation. The second type is more important and it is maladaptive. These defense reactions also protect the individual from internal threats, such as, guilt-arousing desires or actions. By denying, distorting, restricting the experience, secondly, by reducing emotional or self-involvement, and thirdly, by counteracting threat or damage make one defensive. It is more than one kind of protection. The defense mechanisms are used in combination and, often, combined with task-oriented behavior.
Decompensation occurs when the lowering of integration of an individual organism by the stressors if these are sustained or severe. In that situation, the adaptive capabilities of an individual organism may be weighed down and due to that there is lowering of integrated functioning and eventually a possible breakdown of the organism.
Effects of severe stress
It is to be noted that stress is a fact of life. Reactions to stress are competencies and the individual would not develop devoid of such a challenge. Stress can be damaging and severe stress can take a high cost in terms of lowered efficiency, depletion of adaptive resources, wear and tear conditions and on the extreme severe personality and physical deterioration, and even death.
On a physiological level severe stress paves the way for alterations that can impair the body’s ability to immune responses and on a psychological level, perception of threat can cause narrowing of the perceptual field and increased rigidity of cognitive processes. Perception is a process by which the individual becomes aware of changes ( through the senses of sight, hearing, etc.)Adjustment takes into account attitude, interest, patience or toleration, attention, and the focal point in brain at which interest and tendencies meet.