Humanistic psychology, a theoretical and therapeutic system of psychology that emphasizes particularly human processes-the uniqueness of the individual, the validity of subjective experience, freedom of choice and the tendency for each individual to strive to realize one’s potential. Humanistic psychology grew out of the work of Abraham Maslow, a personality theorist and the clinical practice of Carl Rogers.
The focus of humanistic perspective is on an individual’s conscious experience and what one perceives. It is also on freeing the individual from crippling assumptions and attitudes. As a result of that one can develop one’s potentials and live fuller lives.In humanistic perspective the main emphasis is laid on growth and self-actualization, instead of, cure of disease or alleviation of disorder and its therapists do not typically deal with individuals suffering from serious mental disorders. The importance of the individual’s psychological makeup, inner experience, and potential for self-direction are underrated in behavioristic perspective. Besides, the humanistic psychologists do not take into account the negative and pessimistic view of human nature portrayed by psychoanalytic theory. Moreover, psychoanalytic theory stresses on the overwhelming power of irrational, unconscious impulses. On the contrary, humanistic perspective views an individual`s basic nature as “good,” emphasizes on conscious processes that occur in present state of mind and paying less attention to unconscious processes and past events. In addition, humanistic perspective places strong emphasis on one’s inherent capacity for responsible self-direction. Over all to above, the investigation of causal factors those that are too simplistic pave the way to uncover the complexities of human behavior.
Humanistic perspective seems good as it does not arouse fear, suspicion or thought processes unlike psychoanalytic theory. Beside, there are many techniques that give rise to good qualities. In sharp contrast, the conditioning is required in a few instances. There are many chances for an individual to succeed in actual fact. It may utilize central motive states to pave the way for healing. It is a matter of fact that one does not do enough practice to make extinct the unnecessary thing and details from one`s mental faculties. Humanistic psychology, invariably, proceed toward a better perspective, in the sense of its approaches, self care or decision, and direction. It depends on understanding of the psychologists and adaptation, in addition , if they get good results because of action perusal.
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Roots of the humanistic approach
Apart from the work of outstanding psychologists some of its roots extend deep into the history of psychology-as well as philosophy, literature, and education. The humanistic perspective, a “third force” in contemporary psychology recognizes the importance of learning and psychological processes. It takes into account individual`s future instead of the past. It is also concerned with the processes that are yet to be investigated in scientific manner-such as love, hope, creativity, values, meaning, personal growth, and self-fulfillment
Basics of humanistic perspective.
Certain underlying themes and principles in humanistic perspective are seen with an effort as described below:
1.Self as a unifying theme. According to Carl Rogers the propositions as given below put forward his views:
- Each and every individual exists in a private world of experience.
- The most basic striving of the individual is toward the maintenance, enhancement and actualization of the self.
- The individual reacts to situations in terms of the way one perceives them, in ways consistent with one’s self – concept and view of the world.
- Perceived threat to the self is followed by defense.
- The individual`s inner tendencies are toward health and wholeness.
2.Focus on values and personal growth. The strong emphasis is laid on values and the process of value options in guiding one’s behavior and to achieve a meaningful and fulfilling mode of life. One is to discover by self-actualization who am I, and what sort of person I want to become, and why. Psychopathology causes blockage or distortion of personal growth and natural tendencies toward physical and mental health. It occurs due to the exaggerated use of ego-defense mechanisms, unfavorable social conditions and faulty learning; and excessive stress.
3.Positive view of human nature and potential. Under favorable circumstances, the propensities of human are in the direction friendly, cooperative, and constructive behavior as selfishness, aggression, and cruelty is regarded as pathological behavior that occur due in course to the denial,, frustration, or distortion of one`s basic nature. In contrast to the psychoanalytic theory and behavioristic perspective, the humanistic psychology takes a much more positive approach of human nature and potential