People in early cultures, including the Egyptian, Greek, and Roman, made extensive and often excessive use of alcohol. Cambyses, King of Persia in the sixth century B.C. was one of the first alcoholics on record. Beer was first made in Egypt around 3000 B.C.
Hypnosis was known by ancient Egyptians and other early peoples, but its modern use in psychotherapy dates only from the time of Anton Mesmer. In general, hypnosis may be defined as an altered state of consciousness involving extreme suggestibility. The procedure to induce hypnosis is designed to bring about a heightened state of selective attention, […]
Neutrality is a state of being neutral. It is of the position, in which, no power is transmitted. Neutral motive state of the mind occurs when a person is neither for nor against something in an experiment, collection of data, working on the hypotheses, or practicing mindfulness, besides, thinking about a problem. It is characterizing […]
The term, primitive infantile mind, is taken from Psychoanalytic theory, in that, ego is defined as the superficial portion of the Id, or primitive infantile mind, that develops out of the Id in response to stimulation from the infant’s physical and social environments. Superficial portion of the Id is descriptive of the psychological processes that […]
There are three key subsystems within the personality of an individual: the Id, ego, and superego. Id is the source of instinctual drives of two types: (a) constructive drives, and (b) destructive drives. Therefore, life, or constructive, instincts are opposed by death, or destructive, instincts. The Id is completely selfish and demands immediate gratification of […]