Transactional analysis (Relationship techniques)

It is a version of interpersonal therapy. Eric Berne states that our personalities are composed of three “ego states”-Child, Adult, and Parent. Our Parent is that part of our personality we have incorporated from our own parents or from other parental models whom we have inadvertently learned to try to do as well as or better than those. Our Child is that part of us that is a carry-over from our childhood feelings. Finally, the Adult in each of us is that part of us which processes information rationally and appropriately for the present unique set of circumstances.
Two types of Parent and Child are as under:

Nurturing parent  or  Critical parent

Adult                      to               Adult

Free child         or  Rebellious child

There are nine transactions in total, for instance, nurturing parent to rebellious child, critical parent to free child, and/or adult to adult. Three “ego states” correspond roughly to Freud’s Id, ego, and superego. Basically, it is assumed that individual’s behaviour results from the interaction of these three key subsystems. In transactional analysis, the therapist helps the participants understand the ego states after the interactions among group members are analyzed. The participant accepts the role assigned, thereinafter, responding accordingly one is to react to the other and, thus, the transactions may continue. The married couples find out that the complementary transactions cause to evolve inappropriate behaviours and certain other problems. Other members of the group are encouraged to participate and to know analysis of how they, in turn, communicate with other people. In a book Games people play, Berne described a number of these, most of which are deadly serious and highly destructive in their effects. Transactional analysis enables to analyze the games by making aware of coping patterns and the consequences these patterns have on interpersonal relationships and life adjustment. It is like a mirror that may reveal how people often unthinkingly manipulate and harm other people as well as themselves. It is also an intervention strategy that holds out the possibility of eliminating subterfuges and deceits from interactions and achieving more authentic, meaningful, and satisfying personal relationships. It provides some useful techniques to achieve a new understanding of themselves and their behaviour in relationships. These techniques may be effectively incorporated in various therapeutic approaches.

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