Cognitive-behavioral therapy

As a matter of fact, in most instances, the focus of attention remains on observable behavior and it is regarded that the inner thoughts are not, indeed, part of the causal factors, therefore, the emphasis is laid on the relationship between observable behaviors and observable reinforcing conditions by us. If the importance of thoughts, perceptions, […]

Laws of association

Association is a functional relationship or connection between two psychological phenomenna established through learning or experience. It is a bond or connection between ideas. Bond is further an agreement or engagement that a person is bound to observe, especially, one that has force in law. Laws of association based on the principle formulated by the […]

Systematic use of positive reinforcement (Behavior therapy)

A systematic plan of what is to be done for the application of positive reinforcement is achieving remarkable success, particularly, in the institutional settings. Response shaping, token economies, and behavioral contracting are among the most popular techniques.                              1.Response shaping. Positive reinforcement is, often, given in response shaping, that means in setting up a response which […]

Systematic desensitization (Behavior therapy)

Systematic desensitization is a technique developed by Joseph Wolpe, in which, the individual imagines a hierarchy of anxiety-producing situations under conditions of physical relaxation with the goal of weakening or eliminating the anxiety responses. Desensitization, the lessened reactivity, is a decreased emotional sensitivity with respect to a personal defect or social problem after counseling. It […]